Many people often think that air pollution occurs only in the streets or industrial zones without knowing that the space in their own house can be seriously polluted. Indoor air pollution causes a lot of harmful health problems.
Imagine coming home from your whole family after a busy day, with everyone being relieved from breathing pollution and noise on the road. This seems to make you with the feeling of very refreshed after a long day. However, what do you think when we say that the environment inside your home may also be in an alarming state of pollution? you touch the table floor, and you surprisingly see the dust; you see the dust on the screen of television, iMac screen & so many other things that make you annoyed.
In fact, the indoor air you breathe is a dangerous mixture of gases that include irritants, carcinogens, harmful chemicals, neurotoxins, house dust mites, allergens. and germs… They come from the daily activities of your home. Indoor air pollution can affect people of all ages. In some cases, this condition can cause serious health problems and developmental disorders, especially in infants.
A. Sources of indoor air pollution
Health experts have identified 11 of the most common sources of indoor air pollution present in most households:
1. Mold growth
Mold spores, especially in humid weather, are an important contributor to indoor air pollution. Mold can form on walls, kitchen shelves, rugs, and clothing for a long time … Inhaling spores with mold can trigger coughing attacks, causing allergies in children and even people. big.
2. Dust in the air
Dust from the air source enters your home through windows and doors. In fact, for houses near roads where there are a lot of traffic, a large amount of dust will be able to penetrate your home through windows and doors. You need to find the right solution to this problem
3. Doormats, Floor Carpet
Carpets are a popular household item for any homes. By contrast the carpets are often covered with dust – factors that have been shown to cause asthma.
In addition, carpets made of artificial materials may also contain not good compounds including toluene, formaldehyde and benzene. These are the sources of other diseases.
4. Paint from wall
Most common wall paints today contain lead. Long-term exposure to lead is badly affected and difficult to repair. Furthermore, many paints may contain volatile compounds that have adverse health effects.
5. Smoke in house
Smoking in the house or room is also a cause of serious indoor air pollution. Tobacco smoke can also cling to the clothes of smokers or people who are constantly in contact with smokers and mix with indoor air, “haunt” on carpets, sofas, curtains … affecting air quality. . The nicotine in cigarette smoke is a well-known carcinogen.
6. Paint and varnish on home appliances and furniture
A lot of furniture and home appliances made of wood, rattan, bamboo, sedge … are often covered with paint and varnish. Many studies show that people who inhale paint and varnish have a risk of asthma, physiological disorders, even cancer. The reason is that the composition of the varnish often contains industrial iron powder, mercury, lead … which are hazardous to health. Children exposed to these substances increase the risk of asthma.
7. Artificial room spray
Most products such as room sprays … commercially available air fresheners contain ethylene-based glycol ether. These ingredients cause nerve problems as well as blood related problems. They also contain phthalates, which are an endocrine disruptor in babies, that interfere with hormone secretion in the body and affect development.
Candles are mainly produced from paraffin wax, a petroleum by-product and treated with bleach to whiten. When burned, candles release benzene and toluene… which are dangerous carcinogens.
Meanwhile, candle manufacturers often add artificial dyes, synthetic flavors to color and fragrance this item. In those ingredients often contains acrolein, a substance that causes lung cancer. Thus, it can be seen that the use of candles indoors is no different from activating the time bomb causing destruction of the respiratory tract.
Dogs, birds, cats, reptiles … are also a source of indoor air pollution that few people think about. Fur, parasitic bugs… on the pet’s body are also a source of allergies for many people. Therefore, if your family has pets, you should limit them from playing in the living room, kitchen, especially the bedroom to ensure health. In addition, the pets need to be vaccinated against helminths, and wash them periodically.
B. How Effects of Indoor Air Pollution to your Health?
Indoor air pollution has a serious impact on human health. Here are some of the effects of indoor air pollution on human health:
=>Asthma and other respiratory diseases
Indoor air pollution causes you to be constantly exposed to allergens, pollutants that interfere with your breathing, increasing your risk of many respiratory diseases, most commonly asthma. bronchitis and sinusitis.
=>Affects your mood
In fact, the house is a place to rest and relax, but imagine yourself being inhibited by strange, even harmful odors that will make you unhappy. You will lack the best living space to restore health for a new working day
=> Skin irritation
Formaldehyde, a major indoor air pollutant, is responsible for a wide range of skin irritation, including allergies and inflammation.
=>Nervous system problems
Exposure to pollutants such as lead and formaldehyde can cause many neurological problems, including dementia and Alzheimer’s disease in the long term.
C. Measures to overcome indoor air pollution
Do the following to make sure that indoor air pollution is under control:
>> Ventilation, air filter for the house
If your home’s ventilation system is too old, renovate it and install larger windows if possible. Regularly open large doors and windows to allow air to circulate. This can allow indoor pollutants to escape and the living space to be more sunlight.
Also, you should use kitchen hood to remove indoor pollutants. In addition, if possible, you should equip the house with an air purifier. This device removes contaminants from indoor air and provides you with clean air.
>> Control the growth of mold
If you use a humidifier, set the humidity level in your home to between 40 and 50% to control mold and mold growth.
In addition, if possible, you should choose to use air conditioners that release hydrogen ion and active oxygen as well as filter dust and dust mites, bacteria and allergens. in the air at high level. When combined with harmful substances OH radical, mold, bacteria … hydrogen i-on and active oxygen will convert them into harmless water.
>> Clean the furniture and use the vacuum cleaner regularly
The vacuum cleaner is one of the most effective sanitary devices that helps to control indoor air pollution. They help remove surface dust particles, house dust mites and many other pollutants.
If you don’t have a vacuum cleaner, you need to wipe it off regularly to ensure a clean living space. While cleaning dust, you should wear a mask that can filter fine dust to avoid breathing in pollutants.
>> Wash new clothes, blankets, pillowcases … before using
New fabrics are chemically treated, so wash them well before using them to avoid any risk of irritation.
>> Keep shoes outside
The footwear you wear can be a source of serious pollutants from the outside environment into your home. Therefore, make sure to clean your shoes thoroughly before bringing them indoors or leaving them outside of the living space. Ideally, you should put the shoe cupboard outside the yard instead of in the living room or bedroom. After being outside, you should wash your hands and feet to ensure hygiene.
>> Bring the trees to the living space
Nothing can stop indoor or outdoor pollution as effectively as green plants. Trees are the best natural air purifiers. Add trees to the living space for a better atmosphere.
>>Keep bathroom and kitchen dry
Bathrooms and kitchens are places with high humidity, which facilitate the growth of microorganisms and mold. Therefore, keep these areas dry at all times. If your tap water leaks, repair or replace it immediately, to avoid mold growth.
D. Extra Questions
1.What types of air purifiers can be used to combat indoor air pollution?
The following types of air purifiers are currently available in the market, each of which is effective in its own right.
The air purifier works on a mechanical filter model to clean the air.
Electrostatic air purifiers can help remove charged pollutants and collect them to disk.
UVGI or UVGI air cleaners remove mold, dust mites and other biological contaminants with UV rays.
Gas-phase carbon activated filter is extremely useful in removing smoke and particulate matter.
2. Can using air conditioners reduce indoor air pollution?
The answer is no. The air conditioner will not help reduce indoor air pollution. You must use an air purifier to filter the air in the living space.
Hopefully, with the information shared above, you have envisioned that what we do or what we use can contribute to indoor air pollution, causing many health problems. Try applying the air pollution control measures outlined above to make the living space cleaner.